C for chair and S for shoe: Understanding the difference between graphemes and letters

<b> <c>  <ch>   <d>  <f>  <g>  <gh>   <h> <j>   <k>   <kn->   <l>  <m>  <n> <-ng> <p> <ph> <r>  <s>   <sh>  <t>  <th>  <u>*   <v>  <w>   <y>*  <z> <-ck>  <-dg(e)>   <-tch>  <x>  <qu>  <wh->   <gu> <-ugh> <wr> <rh> <ai>/<ay>  <au>/<aw>  <ea> <ee>   <ei>/<ey>   <eu>/<ew> <ie> ... Continue Reading →

Clues of History Buried in “Friend”

Fri + day --> Friday Fri + end --> friend Fri (e) nd --> friend Friend is one the most frequently misspelled words: misspelled by both children and adults alike. Why is that? Why do children have difficulty learning the correct spelling of a word they know so well and use so often both in... Continue Reading →

Good Writing Requires More Than Creativity

Both models represent the same information: the structure of language. However, each model creates a different mental picture because the visuals are different. The first model divides the structure of language into three broad components - pronunciation, grammar, meaning - before subdividing each component into two aspects. The units of language gets larger as you... Continue Reading →

Interest

Word sum: Inter + est --> interest (The prefix + base gives us the stem <interest> ) <Interest> is a Latin word which was borrowed into English from French.  It literally meant “that which is between” – inter “between” +  est “to be”. It meant ‘to concern, or be of importance’. Word sums: Inter +... Continue Reading →

Writing the ‘sound’ /k/ in English

Before I begin, I would like to explain certain concepts to make it easier to read the post. I use the forward slashes // to enclose pronunciation, while the angle brackets <> enclose spelling. The term 'graphemes' means a spelling units. Graphemes represent distinct pronunciations. I enclose graphemes in angle brackets: <ck>, <c>, <k>, <qu>.... Continue Reading →

Making Sense of ‘t’ in English

English spelling and reading can sometimes present challenges due to some of the complexities of the grapheme-phoneme correspondences.  Several graphemes (spelling units) represent more than one pronunciation and a single pronunciation can be written using different graphemes.  However, the complexities of the grapheme-phoneme correspondences provide us with valuable information about words. How a word is... Continue Reading →

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